Dispensing advice about the Latte Factor to those who live one medical emergency away from complete financial ruin sounds a helluva lot like poor shaming.

The Latte Factor, Poor Shaming, and Economic Compassion

There’s a piece of conventional financial wisdom that goes like this: if you’re looking to save money or pay off debt, start by skipping small luxuries like lattes and instead put that money toward your financial goals. The single digit savings will add up to a significant amount over time, all because you had the fortitude to practice a little self-control. It’s a simple, effective way to find some wiggle room in your budget and a great first step toward living a frugal lifestyle.

The Latte Factor, as it’s known, is both virtuous and practical. It gives its frugal practitioner a sense of self-righteous superiority over those who continue to waste their money on overpriced, over-sweetened, caffeinated beverages every day. And because it’s such a simple solution, those preaching the gospel of frugality peddle it like a magic elixir. Can’t seem to save money? Just skip the latte! It works miracles.

Yet to those who truly struggle with systemic poverty, getting advice about the Latte Factor feels horribly condescending. In fact, being told that skipping a small luxury here and there will raise you up out of your low-income status feels downright cruel and deliberately ignorant. Because in cases of economic disenfranchisement, a lack of frugality is not the root of the problem.

In fact, dispensing advice about the Latte Factor to those who live one late paycheck or medical emergency away from homelessness or complete financial ruin sounds a helluva lot like poor shaming.

The Latte Factor isn’t bad advice. In fact, it’s great advice for the simple reason that limiting your spending automatically increases the amount of money you have at your disposal, the amount of money you can potentially save or invest. And arguably, the less money you make, the more relevant being frugal becomes. So we are definitely not saying that “Be more frugal!” is bad advice. But it is not the most applicable advice for all kinds of people who live in all kinds of poverty.

What we mean by “poor shaming”

Let’s start with an example:

This meme was quoted on the Mr. Money Mustache forum recently, on the Anti-Mustachian Wall of Shame and Comedy. And the point-missers came out of the woodwork to lament how it enabled bad financial decision making and perpetuated a life of wasteful spending. (To be fair, some people eventually brought the conversation around to admitting that the Latte Factor had literally nothing to do with the problems of systemic poverty.) They’re totally right that being frugal and deploying the Latte Factor can really help you save money by leaps and bounds! The problem is, that’s not what the author of the meme is talking about. Like, at all.

Income inequality is a thing. Wage stagnation is a thing. Skyrocketing cost of living, real estate prices, and tuition are a thing. Lack of opportunity is a thing. And if you’re starting the financial race with all of these albatrosses tied around your neck, then it’s going to be much, much harder to get ahead simply by being frugal. You need other weapons in your arsenal as well. Touting the Latte Factor as a solution to all of these problems not only misses the point, it avoids the problem entirely.

It’s like telling your dentist, “I never had access to dental care as a child and now I have all these cavities that need to be filled,” only for him to tell you, “No you don’t. You just need to floss every day.”

It’s like telling your dentist, “I never had access to dental care as a child and now I have all these cavities that need to be filled,” only for him to tell you, “No you don’t. You just need to floss every day.”

The Latte Factor is a middle class concern

Of course it’s a good idea to be frugal. No one’s disputing that fact! Half the articles we bitches write are about how to cut back on monetary output by buying shit secondhand, canceling gym memberships, taking advantage of free stuff, and not spending money on literal shit. We believe in frugality because it fucking works.

But cutting back on wasteful spending is a tactic mostly to be employed by those who have money to waste in the first place. In other words, the Latte Factor is a fundamentally middle class concern. If you’re already at rock bottom and barely scraping by, then you’re dealing with bigger problems than a few dollars here and there spent on coffee.

The poor (for the purposes of this article, people living at, near, or below the federal poverty level) don’t need to be told to cut back on wasteful spending and give frugality a try. They’re already shopping the almost-expired manager’s specials at the grocery store and turning the heat off at night. They’re making enormous sacrifices to feed their children or keep a roof over their heads. They’re working like dogs for wages that would make anyone with options laugh out loud. They don’t need to be reminded that they could save a little money by not buying a latte, because they are painfully aware of the value of that money every second of their lives.

The Latte Factor is a fundamentally middle class concern.

The comfortably middle class, on the other hand, could stand a reminder about the snowballing value of latte money. I remind myself  of this often when I’m considering my savings or plans for early retirement: it never hurts to trim the fat. My life is comfortable, especially now that I’ve paid off my student loans. I can afford decadent indulgences like a fancy, frothy, barista-crafted drink every once in awhile. Or a new book. Netflix. Craft beer. Concert tickets. Lunch out with friends. All of this stunning luxury is easily within my grasp and I can cut back on it at any time.

But what if that small latte was the only extravagance I could afford, the only thing that made me feel hopeful and human all week? Well then I’d feel righteously furious at anyone who zeroed in on that one morale-boosting latte as both the root and the cure for my financial ailments.

Practice compassion instead of shaming the poor

When I was determined to pay off my student loans years ahead of schedule, I lived as lean as possible so I could put every dollar toward my student loan debt. I deployed the Latte Factor with fantastic results.

When my coworkers invited me to walk to the coffee shop with them, I’d join them on the walk and not buy anything. After several weeks my coworkers stopped asking why I never paid for lattes anymore.

One day I had a particularly fucktastical day at work. I was cranky and tired. I wanted a little something to make me feel better. So after months of deprivation, I bought myself a goddamn latte. A big one. With extra everything. This thing was a creamy, sugary mountain of decadent self-indulgence. It cost less than $5.

And one of my coworkers, who knew about my financial goals, gave me shit for it. “Wait a minute, should you be buying that latte when you still have student loans to pay off? What a slacker.”

Friends? I lost my goddamn mind. I let him have it. I chewed him out right then and there in the coffee shop in front of everyone because I. Was. Tired. I had gone without simple, cheap luxuries for months. I had poured everything I had into my debt. And god fucking dammit, I was going to spend $4.25 on a latte and I was going to do it guilt-free because I deserved one tiny taste of happiness and luxury after being so fucking disciplined for so long.

He was teasing me, of course. And my reaction was more about my stress than about his silly comment. But it fucking hurt to feel judged for something so small when in every other aspect of my life I was working my ass off to be as frugal and financially efficient as possible.

I often think of that moment when I see people shaming Food Stamp users for buying something other than beans and rice. Or when people talk about how the poor wouldn’t be “quite so poor” if they’d just stop drinking, smoking, buying McDonald’s, paying for cable TV, buying their children toys for Christmas, [insert harmless human luxury here]. Because if I got that offended and exasperated while I had the option to pull back on my large debt payments… how must it feel to be scolded for a latte when that is the one humanizing treat you can ever afford to give yourself?

How must it feel to be told that your hourly wage of $7.25 and your rent that is 40% of your annual income are not what’s keeping you poor, its that small hot coffee you bought at  Dunkin’ Donuts this morning? How must it feel to be told that your poverty is a moral failing that has nothing to do with systemic income inequality and everything to do with your lack of intelligence, virtue, and willpower? How must it feel to be told that you should be ashamed for trying to feel some small comfort in life when you’ve just been served an eviction notice?

Being frugal works to build savings and kill debt… when you have enough money to survive. Otherwise it’s just a method of treading water.

The Latte Factor is not going to solve the fact that inflation has vastly outpaced wages in recent decades. It’s not going to solve the education gap, or the gender and racial wage gaps. It’s not going to stop soaring housing and healthcare prices or gentrification. It’s not going to save someone with no emergency fund who just got a $100,000 hospital bill.

Do not shame the poor by oversimplifying their financial situation to money wasted on lattes. Let them buy the $7 chocolate bar without your fucking commentary. They know it pays to be frugal. In fact, they know no other way.

11 thoughts on “The Latte Factor, Poor Shaming, and Economic Compassion

  1. Yes, yes, yes!

    And the real messed up thing is that poverty can affect the way you think — not having money can actually make you worse with money; it’s a horrible cycle. If you do not currently listen to Bad With Money with Gaby Dunn, you have to right this second. http://www.stitcher.com/podcast/panoply/bad-with-money/e/gaby-gets-her-head-examined-aka-plan-bay-46138591

    Another really messed up thing is people thinking they got where they are based purely on skill/hard work – that luck had nothing to do with it. There are some studies where two people play a game, and one has a significant handicap. When the “rich” person beats the “poor” person, they attribute it more to skill, rather than luck, despite the fact that the game started off rigged (and in a very obvious way, no less)!

    tldr: humans have stupid brains that make us mean. Grrrrr.

    1. Well hello, new favorite podcast! Felicity, I knew we were going to get along. 😀
      I find those kinds of studies fascinating, particularly because I got out of the habit of making those erroneous luck vs. skill (ie. privilege vs. hard work) judgments myself only a few years ago. It can be tough to recognize internal biases and shift direction towards a place of compassion instead.

      1. Haha, I knew with a site name like “Bitches Get Riches” I’d like you guys. Then of course I started reading articles and was hooked!

        Bad With Money is definitely my favorite podcast right now. Season 2 coming out soon!

        It is really hard not to judge sometime, or not to look at your own privilege – sometimes especially so if you are liberal and realize privilege exists. It’s like “I can’t be racist, I have black friends!” XD

  2. Being broke is exhausting. I have never been poor and never truly broke, but the times where money was a struggle were a BITCH. I cannot imagine living like that for any length of time.

  3. I grew up in a lower middle class family and never really broke out of it. As an adult and a blogger, I write about my frugal lifestyle, which was born from necessity more than choice. Sometimes I have problems figuring out what I’m going to write because I’m writing for a demographic that I’ve never been a part of.

    This is a great post. I really appreciate someone who tries to see things from something different than the middle class perspective.

    1. Thank you so, so much. Your comment means the world to me.

      This was a tough one to write. I really worried that people who have never experienced an upbringing like yours just… wouldn’t get it. But I’m so grateful to hear that it is being appreciated in the way I intended. Thank you, and I can’t wait to check out your blog!

  4. I agree with the poor mentality being real and them feeling trapped and worse with money. It does take compassion and education to help them begin to feel normal and have a way out. We have food stamps and some assistance to keep them going along but no real education programs to teach these people how to better themselves. If only there was a place that actually bussed these people in free of charge to teach them life skills like budgeting and interest calculation instead of standardized test material….

    Also, little treats are fucking fantastic for people of all budgets. When my family was poor growing and my room was a cold unfinished basement full of spiders, we got McDonald’s maybe once every few months. This was AMAZING. It also got us a free toy from the Happy Meal so killing two birds by my parents there!

    It all is an exercise in moderation and understanding that while you may not be able to have a $100 night out every week, A fast food run or delicious Iced White Chocolate Mocha with an extra shot and light whip for $6.72 once a month can be fantastic for a person.

    As always, great post and thanks for the perspective.

  5. Yussss. This post is so on point. I happen to love the Latte Factor – but I am a middle class white person. For me, cutting out a few five-dollar lattes a month means I can throw some extra money at my student debt, or toss it into a vacation fund. Talk about privilege.

    Cutting out a few lattes a month has never been the difference between me being able to make my rent or not, and it is ridiculous and condescending to apply the Latte Factor to low-income people who face genuine poverty.

    This post also takes me to countless experiences I have had with friends and acquaintances basically any time we encounter a homeless person downtown. I like to chat with them, give them a couple bucks. It’s always inevitably met with “You really shouldn’t give them money, they’re just going to go spend it on cigarettes or drugs.” Yep, maybe. And I don’t care. They are an autonomous human, they can spend it on whatever they damn well please. It’s not my business. It’s not my place to judge. I don’t understand this person’s life or situation – who am I to dictate what happens with those dollars? Those dollars are given freely because homeless people are PEOPLE – they are people who need compassion, empathy, and a better fucking system than the one that we have. If my dollars can get them a coffee or a smoke, and make them feel like a human again for a few minutes, that is money well-spent. Ugh poor shaming is SO real.

    Thank you for this incredible post.

    1. And thank YOU for commenting and sharing your experience. I love this story. It takes so little effort to treat other people like people, with compassion rather than judgment. You’re doing it right.

    2. Wow, this article is great and I LOVE this comment Kate. Can I be honest and say I’ve been one of those people judging the homeless? After reading your thoughts here, I’ll definitely think about this differently!
      As someone in the middle class, it’s important for me to recognize my privilege and not judge those less fortunate than me.
      Thank you both for the new point of view!

      1. Thank you so much for reading and for this sweet comment! There are few things I admire more in a person than the willingness and ability to change their mind based on new information. I think you’re awesome. 😀

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